• ACLU : The American Civil Liberties Union “The ACLU is our nation’s guardian of liberty, working daily in courts, legislatures and communities to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties that the Constitution and laws of the United States guarantee everyone in this country.” Source
  • Amnesty International : “Amnesty International is a global movement of more than 3 million supporters, members and activists in over 150 countries and territories who campaign to end grave abuses of human rights” Source
  • National Reentry Resource Center : “builds on the solid foundation of work related to reentry, responses to justice-people with mental illnesses who are involved with the criminal justice system, and justice reinvestment—a data-driven approach to reduce corrections spending and reinvest savings” Source

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Lochner, Lance, and Enrico Moretti. The Effect of Education on Crime: Evidence from Prison Inmates, Arrests, and Self-reports. Cambridge, MA.: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2001. Print.

This report studies the probabilities that a high schooler who does or does not graduate, will or will not become incarcerated at one point in their life. The use of census data, past criminal activity, and other variables were taken into account.

Morin, Lucien. On Prison Education. Ottawa: Minister of Supply and Services Canada, 1981. Print.

This book is a compilation of essays from multiple authors, all written to help the reader understand the way education and reentry opportunities are provided to inmates. Essays address the justice system, inmate rights, and ethical fairness among other topics.

Muntingh, L. M. After Prison: The Case for Offender Reintegration. Pretoria: Institute for Security Studies, 2001

Lukas Muntingh writes about the lack of effort being put into reintegrating for former offenders into society, after incarceration. Muntingh argues that if so much effort is being put into stopping and reducing crime, then putting more effort into helping former offenders is an obvious necessity. The setting for Muntingh’s book is South Africa.

Naidu, Vijay, Steven Ratuva, and Mahendra Reddy. Fiji Prison Reforms: From Containment to Correction and beyond : A Report and Recommendations for Ecumenical Centre for Research, Education and Advocacy (ECREA), Suva, Fiji. Suva, Fiji: Ecumenical Centre for Research, Education and Advocacy, 2009

The authors report on labor abilities and situations within correctional facilities in Fiji. Their findings present how able prisoners are while working inside prison, manufacturing an abundance of quality goods. The goal is for the Fijian government to recognize the positive rehab opportunities being used in their prisons, and to work with the prisoners in starting government/prison shared businesses.

Roberts, Albert R. Readings in Prison Education. Springfield, IL: C.C. Thomas, 1973. Print.

In Robert’s book, he recounts personal references and stories from the inside the prison system. The book is set in a way as to educate the reader on what educational practices were relevant at the time, and what methods were best to educate the inmates.

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Studies and Reports

Cheryachukin, Yury, James A. Wilson, Robert Davis, Jean Dauphinee, Robert Hope, and Kajal Gehi. “Smoothing the Path From Prison to Home: An Evaluation of the Project Greenlight Transitional Services Demonstration Program.” N.p., Dec. 2005

This study attempts to track several groups of released prisoners over a period of time in New York state, USA. The groups, of which some were given courses and rehabilitation for their lives upon release from prison, are tracked for their progress.

Costelloe, Anne, and Torfinn Langelid. “Prison Education an Training in Europe- A Review and Commentary of Existing Literature, Analysis and Evaluation.” N.p., May 2011

This report, which was conducted throughout European prisons, shows the progress and approaches made in prison classrooms. The results suggest positive outcomes can be made when  prisoners focus their attention their personal ‘learning journeys’ following release.

Crayton, Anna, and Suzanne R. Neusteter. The Current State of Correctional Education.” N.p.: John Jay College of Criminal Justice, 2009. Print.

Crayton and Neustster compile data from detention facilities around the United States, in an attempt to shed better light on the state of correctional education in the nation. While the results are not completely conclusive due to multiple factors, the overall consciences shows lack of federal funding and Pell Grants are detrimental to the progress of rehabilitation.

Haigler, Karl, Patricia O’Connor, Caroline Harlow, and Anne Campbell. Literacy Behind Prison Walls.” N.p.: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, n.d. Print.

This is a nation wide survey sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education, in which participants were tested on their literacy levels. This is an incredibly detailed and extensive survey which breaks down results by multiple demographics, including ethnicity, age, sex, and past life experiences.

Redcross, Cindy, Megan Millenky, and Timothy Rudd. “More Than a Job: Final Results from the Evaluation of the Center for Employment Opportunities Transitional Jobs Program.” N.p., Jan. 2012

The Center for Employment Opportunities (CEO) mentors and educates prisoners on how to become acclimated with their environment once released. This results of this study show how prisoners were coached, trained, and assisted during their transition out of incarceration.

Trotter, Christopher, Rosemary Sheehan, and Gill Mclvor. “Women After Prison.” Catholic Social Services, Apr. 2007

Done on a small scale (139 prisoners) at the Victorian prisons near Melbourne, Australia, this study presents thoughts from women during and after their time in prison. It aims to see what programs and opportunities presented to help these inmates were used, and if taking these programs helped them succeed.

Tyler, John H., and Jeffery R. Kling. “Prison-Based Education and Re-Entry into the Mainstream Labor Market.” NBER Working Paper No. 12114 (2006): n. pag.National Bureau of Economic Research

The research presented in this study estimate the success and failure rates of prisoners, once released, who previously attended General Education Development (GED) classes during their time in prison. There are breakdowns by ethnicity, age, social class, and crimes committed. This information was gathered in prisons throughout Florida, USA.

Visher, Christy, Jennifer Yahner, and Nancy La Vigne. “Life After Prison: Tracking the Experiences of Male Prisoners Returning to Chicago, Cleveland, and Houston.” Urban Institute Justice Policy Center, May 2010

This research gives a glimpse into the lives of over 650 men immediately before, and several month following their release from prison. The research aims to understand the life and living expectations after incarceration giving statistics based on interview questions. The prisons were based out of Chicago, Illinois, Cleveland, Ohio, and Houston, Texas.

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Damon Horowitz: Philosophy in Prison. Perf. Damon Horowitz. Ted, Nov. 2011. Web.

Damon Horowitz gives a brief, but moving antidote on a conversation between himself and a student inmate. This short talk helps humanize an individual who has committed a felony, exploring their search for forgiveness and eagerness to continue their education.

Due Process – Prisoner Reentry: Breaking the Cycle. Rutgers School of Law, Newark. Rutgers University, Feb. 2012. Web.

In this video created by Rutgers School of Law, multiple sources bring facts and opinions to the viewer on subjects varying from reentry, the due process of law, and how to overcome recidivism. The video introduces formerly incarcerated individuals to tell their stories, as well as a round table discussion with analysis.

Laura Winig: From Offender to Entrepreneur. Laura Winig. TedxBoston, July 2012. Web.

Laura Winig of Harvard Business gives a presentation meant to give a better idea of just who constitutes the current prison population in America. She offers several startling statistics which help raise questions like: Would you hire a felon? Have you ever started your own small business? And where would you rather prison tax dollars be invested?


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